Raymond Pierre Paul Westerling: Upaya Mendirikan Negara Indonesia Timur 1946-1947

Putut Wisnu Kurniawan, Aurora Nandia F, Wayan Dion Wibowo

Abstract


Japan's defeat in World War II made Indonesia an independent country, but the Dutch did not recognize Indonesia's independence and tried to return to power by conducting negotiations and military operations. This research aims to describe and analyze the efforts made by Westerling to establish the State of Eastern Indonesia and the impact resulting from the establishment of NIT. The results of this research are that the State of East Indonesia was formed as an attempt by the Dutch to return to power in Indonesia because the Dutch still considered Indonesia as a colony after the Second World War ended. Westerling's efforts to help or accelerate the establishment of the State of East Indonesia were by capturing and executed republicans who opposed the establishment of the State of East Indonesia and carried out cleansing in South Sulawesi to prevent the area from joining Indonesia. The impact of the founding of the State of Eastern Indonesia was that the form of the Indonesian state became federal, the economy in the areas where the cleanup was carried out became dead and chaotic, the social conditions of the people in the cleanup areas became disturbed and the people became traumatized by the sound of cars and politics in Indonesia became unstable due to changes in the shape of the state

Keywords


State of East Indonesia, Westerling

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmadin, dkk. 2018. Negara Boneka Belanda (Negara Indonesia Timur)1945-1950. Makasar: Universitas Negeri Makassar.

Cahyo, Agus N. 2014. Tragedi Westerling Sang Pembantai Rakyat Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Palapa.

Hidskes, M. 2018. Di Belanda Tak Seorang Pun Mempercayai Saya. Jakarta. Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.

Historia, T. 2019. Westerling Aksi Brutal Sang Jagal. Jakarta. Penerbit Buku Kompas.

Junianto, R. 2017. Implementasi Undang-Undang Status Keadaan Darurat Dan Bahaya Perang Di Jawa Timur Tahun 1946-1962. Surabaya: Universitas Negeri Surabaya.

Makkelo, ID. 2017. Penataan Kota Dan Masyarakat Perkotaan: Makasar Sebagai Ibukota Negara Indonesia Timur (NIT) 1946-1950. Nd: Sasdaya, Gadjah Mada Journal Of Humanities.

Mutawwally, AF. 2021. Negara Indonesia Timur: Dari Negara Federasi Hingga Integrasi dalam Republik Indonesia (1946-1950). Nd: Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

Sulasman. 2014. Metodologi Penelitian Sejarah. Bandung: Pustaka Setia.

Triyana, B. dkk. 2012. Aksi Brutal Westerling. Jakarta: PT Mediahistoria Indonesia




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33087/dikdaya.v14i1.632

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Ilmiah Dikdaya
ISSN 2088-5857 (Print) ISSN 2580-7463 (Online)
Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan (FKIP) Universitas Batanghari Jambi
Jl. Slamet Ryadi, Broni-Jambi
Telepon. 0741-667089 | e-mail: dikdaya.unbari@gmail.com