Makna Merdeka Belajar dan Penguatan Peran Guru di Sekolah Menengah Pertama Negeri 5 Muaro Jambi

Mulyadi Mulyadi, Helty Helty, Sahrizal Vahlepi

Abstract


The essence of independent learning is the freedom of teachers and students in the learning process. This freedom has not been experienced by teachers and students so far because teachers are more involved in the administration of education and learning. Teachers also do not understand the concept and its role in the policy of independent learning. The purpose of this study is to explain the concept and meaning of independent learning, the role of teachers in independent learning. The method used is the library method. Content analysis was used to analyze research data. The results of this study are (1) independent learning includes 4 policies, namely national standard school exams carried out by the school, minimum skills assessment and character surveys, simplification of lesson plans, zoning system for new student admissions; (2) the meaning of independent learning includes freedom of thought, freedom to innovate, independent and creative learning, freedom for happiness; (3) the teacher's role varies widely, including independent learning facilitators, innovative and creative teachers, teachers with characteristics as teachers, and teachers as motivators. Based on this explanation, this study concludes that understanding the meaning of independent learning and the role of teachers in independent learning helps teachers and students be more independent in thinking, more innovative and creative, and happy in learning activities.

Keywords


independent learning, teacher, role

Full Text:

PDF

References


Affandi, L. H., Saputra, H. H., & Husniati. (2020). Apakah Tingkat Kebahagiaan Bisa Menjelaskan Hasil Belajar Siswa Sekolah Dasar? Jurnal Progres Pendidikan, 1(3), 168–176.

Afghani, D. R., & Sutama.(2020). Kreativitas Pembelajaran Daring Untuk Pelajar Sekolah Menengah Dalam Pandemi Covid-19. Journal of Informatics and Vocational Education, 3(2), 70–75. https://doi.org/10.20961/joive.v3i3.43057

Ainia, D. K. (2020).Merdeka Belajar Dalam Pandangan Ki Hadjar Dewantara dan Relevansinya Bagi Pengembangan Pendidikan Karakter. Jurnal Filsafat Indonesia, 3(3), 95–101. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jfi.v3i3.24525

Alizamar, A., Afdal, A., & Syahputra, Y. (2019).Exploration of Students’ Creativity Based on Demography. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 5(1), 50–65.

Alsubaie, M. A. (2016). Curriculum Development: Teacher Involvement in Curriculum Development.

Journal of Education and Practice, 7(9), 106–107. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1095725.pdf

Bastaman, H. D. (2007). Logoterapi: Psikologi Untuk Menemukan Makna Hidup dan Meraih Hidup Bermakna.Jakarta: Rajawali Press.

Calp, Ş. (2020). Peaceful and Happy Schools: How to Build Positive Learning Environments. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 12(4), 311–320. https://doi.org/10.26822/iejee.2020459460

Chaeruman, U. A. (2018).Suatu Model Pendidikan Dengan Sistem Belajar Mandiri. Jurnal Teknodik, 21(3), 7–38. https://doi.org/10.32550/teknodik.v21i3.460

Dalyono, B. (2016). Strategi Pembelajaran Inovatif Untuk Mencapai Kompetensi Pembelajaran.

Prosiding Temu Ilmiah Nasional Guru, 29–41(November), 32–41.

Dhani, R. R. (2020). Peran Guru Dalam Pengembangan Kurikulum. Jurnal Serunai Adminstrasi Pendidikan, 9(1), 45–50.

Duckworth, A. L., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2006). Self-Discipline Gives Girls the Edge: Gender in Self- Discipline, Grades, and Achievement Test Scores. Journal of Educational Psychology, 98(1), 198–208. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.98.1.198

Elihami. (2021). RADECE (Reading, Answer, Discuss, Create and Evaluation): E-Learning Model “Merdeka Belajar” through Higher of Think of Al-Islam and Kemuhammadiyahan. EduPsyCouns Journal, 3(1), 209–218.

Fisher, M., King, J., & Tague, G. (2001). Development of A Self-Directed Learning Readiness Scale For Nursing Education. Nurse Education Today, 21(7), 516–525. https://doi.org/10.1054/nedt.2001.0589

Fuad, M. (2015). Psikologi Kebahagiaan Manusia. Jurnal Komunika, 9(1), 112–130. https://doi.org/10.24090/komunika.v9i1.834

Garavaglia, A. (2016). Innovation in Education Technology: What is the Point? Is Immersive Education the Next Step? Research on Education and Media, 8(1), 1–3. https://doi.org/10.1515/rem-2016-0001

Gumanti, R. W. (2020). Inovasi Pendidikan Dalam Efektivitas Penerapan Kurikulum 2013. Syntax Imperatif: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Pendidikan, 1(4), 189–202. https://doi.org/10.36418/syntax- imperatif.v1i4.47

Hadiwijoyo, K. S. (2016). Pendidikan Ketamansiswaaan. Jakarta: Majelis Cabang Tamansiswa Jakarta. Handayani, E. P., & Rohman, A. (2020). Paradigma Bahagia Itu Mencerdaskan Ikhtiar Membangun

Kemerdekaan Belajar Anak Usia Dini. Aksara: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan Nonformal, 6(3), 265–276. https://doi.org/10.37905/aksara.6.3.265-276.2020

Hendratmoko, T., Kuswandi, D., & Setyowati, P. (2017). Tujuan Pembelajaran Berlandaskan Konsep Pendidikan Jiwa Merdeka Ki Hajar Dewantara. JINOTEP: Jurnal Inovasi Dan Teknologi Pembelajaran, 3(2), 152–157. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um031v3i22017p152

Hendri, N. (2020). Merdeka Belajar: Antara Retorika dan Aplikasi. Jurnal E-Tech, 8(1), 1–29. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24036/et.v8i1.107288

Hosseini, A. S. (2014). The Effect of Creativity Model for Creativity Development in Teachers. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 4(2), 138–142. https://doi.org/10.7763/ijiet.2014.v4.385

Houtman.(2020). Merdeka Belajar Dalam Masyarakat 5.0. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Program Pascasarjana Universitas PGRI Palembang 10 Januari 2020, 39–46.

Husein, M. Bin. (2020). Kesulitan Belajar Pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar: Studi kasus di Sekolah Dasar Muhammadiyah Karangwaru Yogyakarta. Jurnal Cahaya Pendidikan, 6(1), 56–67.

İhtiyaroğlu, N. (2018). Analyzing the Relationship Between Happiness, Teachers’ Level of Satisfaction with Life and Classroom Management Profiles. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 6(10), 2227–2237. https://doi.org/10.13189/ujer.2018.061021

Irianto,& Subandi. (2015). Studi Fenomenologis Kebahagiaan Guru di Papua. Jurnal Psikologi UGM, 1(3), 140–166. https://doi.org/10.22146/gamajop.8812

Jaghav, M. S., & Patankar, P. S. (2013). Role teachers In Curriculum Development For Tearcher Education. National Confecence on Challenges in Teacher Education, Physical Education and Sports, Department of Education and Physical Education Mahavir Mahavidyalaya, Kolhapur 2013, 1–9.

Jaya, H. N. (2017). Keterampilan Dasar Guru Untuk Menciptakan Suasana Belajar Yang Menyenangkan. Didaktis: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Ilmu Pendidikan, 17(1), 23–35.

Kalyani, D., & Rajasekaran, K. (2018). Innovative Teaching and Learning. Journal of Applied and Advanced Research, 3(Suppl. 1), 23–25. https://doi.org/10.18260/1-2--12270

Kaplan, D. E. (2019). Creativity in Education: Teaching For Creativity Development. Psychology, 10(22), 140–147. https://doi.org/10.4236/psych.2019.102012

Kau, M. A. (2017). Peran Guru Dalam Mengembangkan Kreativitas Anak Sekolah Dasar. Proceeding Seminar Dan Lokakarya Nasional Revitalisasi Laboratorium Dan Jurnal Ilmiah Dalam Implementasi Kurikulum Bimbingan Dan Konseling Berbasisi KKNI, 157–166. http://journal2.um.ac.id/index.php/sembk/article/view/1281

Kemdikbud.(2019). Merdeka Belajar. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. Koesoema, D. A. (2020). Merdeka Belajar. KOMPAS, 25 Pebruari, 6.

Kogabayev, T., & Maziliauskas, A. (2017).The Definition and Classification of Innovation. HOLISTICA – Journal of Business and Public Administration, 8(1), 59–72. https://doi.org/10.1515/hjbpa-2017-0005

Kovacs, H. (2017). Learning and Teaching in Innovation: Why It is Important For Education in 21st Century. Neveléstudomány, 5(2), 45–60. https://doi.org/10.21549/ntny.18.2017.2.4

Kristiawan, M., Suryanti, I., Muntazir, M., Ribuwati, & Areli, A. J. (2018). Inovasi Pendidikan. Ponorogo: Wade Group.

Kurniawan, N. A., Saputra, R., Aiman, U., Alfaiz, A., & Sari, D. K. (2020).Urgensi Pendidikan Berpikir Kritis Era Merdeka Belajar Bagi Peserta Didik. Tarbawi : Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 16(1), 104–109. https://doi.org/10.32939/tarbawi.v16i01.576

Lao, H. A. E., & Hendrik, Y. Y. C. (2020).Implementasi Kebijakan Kemerdekaan Belajar Dalam Proses Pembelajaran Di Kampus IAKN Kupang-NTT. Jurnal Dedikasi Pendidikan, 4(2), 201–209.

Lie, A. (2020). Merdeka Belajar Untuk Kebahagiaan. KOMPAS 1 Pebruari, 6.

Mahendra, A. O. Y. (2020). Musik Keroncong Sebagai Implementasi Konsep Merdeka Belajar (Studi Kasus Penerapan Media Pembelajaran Berbasis Aplikasi Android). Seminar Nasional Seni Dan Desain: “Reorientasi Dan Implementasi Seni Rupa Dan Desain Dalam Konteks Merdeka BelajarDanKampusMerdeka,”33–41. https://proceedings.sendesunesa.net/id/publications/333142/musik- keroncong-sebagai-implementasi-konsep-merdeka-belajar.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33087/dikdaya.v12i2.320

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Ilmiah Dikdaya
ISSN 2088-5857 (Print) ISSN 2580-7463 (Online)
Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan (FKIP) Universitas Batanghari Jambi
Jl. Slamet Ryadi, Broni-Jambi
Telepon. 0741-667089 | e-mail: dikdaya.unbari@gmail.com